Broadcast Production 101: Switching Basics

TV production techniques can be a little bit daunting primarily. But with clear-headedness, you can easily discover how to use a video switcher or an audio switcher.

Yet knowing how you can use an equipment is only one component of learning the ropes of video switching. In order to get a beneficial insight right into the art of video switching, you must start with the basics.

This write-up will walk you through the fundamentals of video switching:

What is video switching?

One of TV Production’s most vital procedures is Video Switching. This defines how one video source changes to another. This is made possible by operating a video switcher and many different video recorders.

What is a switcher?

It’s a tool that blends many different audio or video signals. Enlisted below are three varieties of switchers:

1. Video Switcher

This is a gizmo that directors operate to change and choose video signals. It could be made use of to add in effects and transitions, as well. The origins of those signals may be any one of the following:

  1. Live video clips within the studio
  2. Live video from a far-off area
  3. Post-processed media like photos and video clips called “cutaways”
  4. MS PowerPoint feed

The devices that display may be any of the following devices:

  1. TV monitor
  2. Video recording device
  3. Streaming tool

2. Audio Switcher

An audio switcher carries out the exact same thing as the video switcher. The sole distinction is that the sources can either be music, sound effects, or voice recordings.

  • Analog audio switcher — A mono- or multiple channel switcher.
  • Digital audio switcher — A switcher having one cable transmitting channels digital sound like stereo audio.

3. Video and Audio Switcher

This gadget mixes up the two functions of the 2 previously mentioned switchers. It obtains various sorts of signals and changes them into a single output. What makes this form of switcher so amazing is its adaptability—it can receive PAL, NTSC, or SECAM.

Pointers for Video Switching

As mentioned above, the presence of mind is critical whenever you’re video switching. But that’s not nearly enough. Here are a few easy suggestions for efficient video switching:

  • Rehearse. Invest time in on learning how to utilize the video and audio switcher long before the event. Learn how to utilize the controls, primarily the T-bar. This is what you control to transition or “switch” a single video or audio source to one more.
  • Memorize. Knowing the controls, terminologies, cables, and buttons really help.
  • Label the equipment. And it’s not enough to memorise quite possibly. Tag your devices, wires, microphones, earphones, etc. to avoid complexity.
  • Check everything. Lastly, the most important thing to undertake—inspect all devices and tools. Video cameras, microphones, cables, USB ports, batteries, and so forth—each one of these impact switching and the run of the program overall.
  • Get on time. As the director, you should be the last person to get there unprepared and last-minute. Your crew won’t value you if you act like that—making it challenging for you to work together in the course of the event.

Post Author: Vanessa Grayson

Vanessa Grayson